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Eur Respir J. 2005 Sep;26(3):442-8.

Leukotriene D4-induced hypoxaemia in asthma is mediated by the cys-leukotriene1 receptor.

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Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clínic, Villarroel, 170. 08036-Barcelona, Spain.

Erratum in

  • Eur Respir J. 2006 Mar;27(3):658.


Bronchoprovocation with cysteinyl-leukotrienes (LTs) induces airflow obstruction and gas exchange abnormalities, namely ventilation-perfusion ratio (V'(A)/Q') imbalance. However, it is unknown which of the two different receptors for cysteinyl-LTs mediate these V'(A)/Q' disturbances. In a double-blinded, crossover design, 10 patients with mild asthma were randomised to receive an oral single dose of the selective cysteinyl-LT1 receptor antagonist montelukast (40 mg) or placebo before leukotriene (LT)D4 inhalation challenge. Gas exchange, including V'(A)/Q' descriptors were measured at baseline, 3 h after montelukast/placebo pretreatment and 5, 15 and 45 min after the LTD4 challenge. Compared with montelukast, inhalation of LTD(4) induced a marked fall in forced expiratory volume in one second (mean+/-se 33+/-2%) and profound V'(A)/Q' mismatching, reflected by a decreased arterial oxygen tension (from 100+/-4 to 75+/-3 mmHg) and an increased overall index of V'(A)/Q' heterogeneity dispersion of retention minus excretion inert gases corrected for dead space (from 4.9+/-1.2 to 8.4+/-1.1; normal< or =3.0; dimensionless), 5 min after placebo. Following montelukast, LTD4 produced no significant changes in any of the variables. In conclusion, these findings point to the view that leukotriene D4)-induced gas exchange disturbances and bronchoconstriction are both mediated by the cysteinyl-leukotriene1 receptor.

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