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J Neurochem. 2005 Nov;95(3):630-40. Epub 2005 Aug 31.

P2Y nucleotide receptor interaction with alpha integrin mediates astrocyte migration.

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1
Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Program, University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA.

Abstract

Astrocytes become activated in response to brain injury, as characterized by increased expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and increased rates of cell migration and proliferation. Damage to brain cells causes the release of cytoplasmic nucleotides, such as ATP and uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP), ligands for P2 nucleotide receptors. Results in this study with primary rat astrocytes indicate that activation of a G protein-coupled P2Y(2) receptor for ATP and UTP increases GFAP expression and both chemotactic and chemokinetic cell migration. UTP-induced astrocyte migration was inhibited by silencing of P2Y(2) nucleotide receptor (P2Y(2)R) expression with siRNA of P2Y(2)R (P2Y(2)R siRNA). UTP also increased the expression in astrocytes of alpha(V)beta(3/5) integrins that are known to interact directly with the P2Y(2)R to modulate its function. Anti-alpha(V) integrin antibodies prevented UTP-stimulated astrocyte migration, suggesting that P2Y(2)R/alpha(V) interactions mediate the activation of astrocytes by UTP. P2Y(2)R-mediated astrocyte migration required the activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3-K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK/ERK) signaling pathways, responses that also were inhibited by anti-alpha(V) integrin antibody. These results suggest that P2Y(2)Rs and their associated signaling pathways may be important factors regulating astrogliosis in brain disorders.

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