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J Med Chem. 2005 Sep 8;48(18):5738-48.

Conformationally constrained analogues of diacylglycerol (DAG). 25. Exploration of the sn-1 and sn-2 carbonyl functionality reveals the essential role of the sn-1 carbonyl at the lipid interface in the binding of DAG-lactones to protein kinase C.

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Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA.


Diacylglycerol (DAG) lactones with altered functionality (C=O --> CH(2) or C=O --> C=S) at the sn-1 and sn-2 carbonyl pharmacophores were synthesized and used as probes to dissect the individual role of each carbonyl in the binding to protein kinase C (PKC). The results suggest that the hydrated sn-1 carbonyl is engaged in very strong hydrogen-bonding interactions with the charged lipid headgroups and organized water molecules at the lipid interface. Conversely, the sn-2 carbonyl has a more modest contribution to the binding process as a result of its involvement with the receptor (C1 domain) via conventional hydrogen bonding to the protein. The parent DAG-lactones, E-6 and Z-7, were designed to bind exclusively in the sn-2 binding mode to ensure the correct orientation and disposition of pharmacophores at the binding site.

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