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AIDS Behav. 2005 Sep;9(3):377-86.

HIV transmission behaviors in jail/prison among puerto rican drug injectors in New York and Puerto Rico.

Author information

1
National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., 71 West 23rd Street, New York 10010, USA. kang@ndri.org

Abstract

This study examined HIV risk behavior in jail/prison among Puerto Rican drug injectors in New York (NY, n = 300) and Puerto Rico (PR, n = 200), and its relationship with later drug and sex risk behaviors. During 3 years prior to interview, 66% of NY and 43% of PR samples were incarcerated at least once. While incarcerated, 5% of NY and 53% of PR injected drugs. Few reported engaging in sex inside jail/prison (5% in both sites). Of those who engaged in risk behaviors in jail/prison, almost all reported having unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. The impact of jail/prison risk behaviors on risk behaviors after release differed between the two sites: they were more related to subsequent sex risk behaviors in NY, and subsequent injection risk behaviors in PR. The findings indicate a need for effective drug treatment programs inside jail/prisons to reduce HIV-related risk behaviors among drug injectors during incarceration and after release.

PMID:
16133901
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-005-9011-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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