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Immunogenetics. 2005 Sep;57(8):559-65. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

A population-based LD map of the human chromosome 6p.

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WHO Collaborating Center for Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore.


The recent publication of the complete sequence of human chromosome 6 provides a platform from which to investigate genomic sequence variation. We report here a detailed linkage disequilibrium (LD) pattern map across the entire human chromosome 6p by using a set of 1152 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a population of 198 Singaporean Chinese, with 326 SNPs focused in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region. Our analysis shows some unexpectedly high segments of strong LD in a 10-Mb region that includes the extremely polymorphic and gene-rich MHC loci and many non-MHC genes. These include the telomeric peri-MHC region that harbors olfactory receptors, histones and zinc finger clusters, and the centromeric peri-MHC region that contains several unknown open reading frames. The data also help refine a human-mouse synteny break in the region between 28.6 and 29.4 Mb. The population-based LD map presented here will provide an essential resource for understanding the genomic sequence variation of chromosome 6p and LD mapping of disease genes of complex genetic traits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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