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Mol Cell Biochem. 2005 Aug;276(1-2):211-7.

Okadaic acid induces tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha that mediated by PKR pathway in human osteoblastic MG63 cells.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Anatomy, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15, Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8504, Japan.


Treatment of human osteosarcoma cell line MG 63 cells with okadaic acid stimulated phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha, as judged from the results of Western blot analysis and a lambda protein phosphatase dephosphorylation assay. The stimulated phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha was both time- and dose-dependent. The phosphorylation sites of IkappaBalpha were taken to be tyrosine residues because the anti-phospho-tyrosine antibody bound to the samples immunoprecipitated with the anti-IkappaBalpha antibody. In the cells treated with 100 nM okadaic acid consequential translocation of NF-kappaB p65 from the cytosol to the nucleus occurred. Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is a player in the cellular antiviral response and is involved in transcriptional stimulation through activation of NF-kappaB. We investigated the functional relationship between PKR and IkappaBalpha phosphorylation by constructing MG 63 PKR K/R cells that produced a catalytically inactive mutant PKR. NF-kappaB p65 was detected in the nucleus of these cells, even in the unstimulated cells. Although IkappaBalpha was degraded phosphorylation of eIF-2 alpha, a substrate of PKR, did not occur in the mutant cells treated with okadaic acid. Our results suggest that okadaic acid-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha was mediated by PKR kinase activity, thus indicating the involvement of this kinase in the control mechanism governing the activation of NF-kappaB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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