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J Chem Ecol. 2005 Sep;31(9):2111-7. Epub 2005 Aug 17.

Volatile compounds from anal glands of the wolverine, Gulo gulo.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, 95521, USA. wfw2@humboldt.edu

Abstract

Dichloromethane extracts of wolverine (Gulo gulo, Mustelinae, Mustelidae) anal gland secretion were examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The secretion composition was complex and variable for the six samples examined: 123 compounds were detected in total, with the number per animal ranging from 45 to 71 compounds. Only six compounds were common to all extracts: 3-methylbutanoic acid, 2-methylbutanoic acid, phenylacetic acid, alpha-tocopherol, cholesterol, and a compound tentatively identified as 2-methyldecanoic acid. The highly odoriferous thietanes and dithiolanes found in anal gland secretions of some members of the Mustelinae [ferrets, mink, stoats, and weasels (Mustela spp.) and zorillas (Ictonyx spp.)] were not observed. The composition of the wolverine's anal gland secretion is similar to that of two other members of the Mustelinae, the pine and beech marten (Martes spp.).

PMID:
16132215
DOI:
10.1007/s10886-005-6080-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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