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Int J Occup Environ Health. 2005 Jul-Sep;11(3):313-21.

Perspectives for workplace health promotion in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, WHO Collaborating Centre for Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica.


The Latin American and Caribbean region is witnessing the emergence of discussion on workplace health promotion (WHP). The authors propose WHP as an equitable collective action targeting primarily work hazards and their determinants. It has its economic-political "macro" level and a downstream "micro" level. On the macro level, neoliberalism, privatization, and deregulation threaten equitable health and labor issues. Effective labor and health legislation and a fair degree of social redistribution of resources support WHP. Micro-scale WHP is important for contextual reasons and social diffusion, and can literally save lives. Worker involvement, free association of workers, public health affiliation, the precautionary principle, sensitization and training, employer responsibility for healthy working conditions, coalitions between workers and health professionals, and preference for reduction of direct work hazards over modification of personal lifestyles are basic tenets of WHP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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