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J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 4;280(44):37005-12. Epub 2005 Aug 29.

Selective recognition of synthetic lysine and meso-diaminopimelic acid-type peptidoglycan fragments by human peptidoglycan recognition proteins I{alpha} and S.

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1
Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.

Abstract

The interactions of a range of synthetic peptidoglycan derivatives with PGRP-Ialpha and PGRP-S have been studied in real-time using surface plasmon resonance. A dissociation constant of K(D) = 62 mum was obtained for the interaction of peptidoglycan recognition protein (PGRP)-Ialpha with the lysine-containing muramyl pentapeptide (compound 6). The normalized data for the lysine-containing muramyl tetra- (compound 5) and pentapeptide (compound 6) showed that these compounds have similar affinities, whereas a much lower affinity for muramyl tripeptide (compound 3) was measured. Similar affinities were obtained when the lysine moiety of the muramyl peptides was replaced by meso-diaminopimelic acid (DAP). Furthermore, the compounds that contained only a stem peptide (pentapeptide, compound 1) and (DAP-PP, compound 2) as well as muramyldipeptide (compound 3) exhibited no binding indicating that the muramyltripeptide (compound 4) is the smallest peptidoglycan fragment that can be recognized by PGRP-Ialpha. Surprisingly, PGRP-S derived significantly higher affinities for the DAP-containing fragments to similar lysine-containing derivatives, and the following dissociation constants were measured: muramylpentapeptide-DAP, K(D) = 104 nm; muramyltetrapeptide-DAP, 92.4 nm; and muramyltripeptide-DAP, 326 nm. The binding profiles were rationalized by using a recently reported x-ray crystal structure of PGRP-Ialpha with the lysine-containing muramyltripeptide (4).

PMID:
16129677
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M506385200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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