Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2005;6(2):185-95.

Surgical injury and metabolic stress enhance the virulence of the human opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Author information

Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.



We have shown previously that the PA-I lectin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa plays a key role in gut-derived sepsis during surgical stress. The aims of this study were to determine if the intestinal tract lumen of a stressed host contained soluble factors that could induce the expression of PA-I.


Mice were subjected to either 30% surgical hepatectomy or sham-laparotomy, and P. aeruginosa was introduced into the cecum. Twenty-four hours later, feces were recovered, and PA-I and exotoxin A were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In reiterative experiments, fecal filtrates from both hepatectomy and sham-operated mice were tested for their ability to induce PA-I expression in cultures of P. aeruginosa. Finally, the media from cultured human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells stressed with excess glutamine was tested for its ability to induce the expression of PA-I in cultures of P. aeruginosa.


Both PA-I and exotoxin A mRNA were increased in vivo in the intestinal tract of mice subjected to 30% hepatectomy. Soluble fecal filtrates from hepatectomy mice induced PA-I in vitro. Media from epithelial cells exposed to excess glutamine alone induced PA-I expression.


The intestinal environment of a stressed host contains soluble factors capable of inducing lethal virulence traits in human opportunistic pathogen P. aeruginosa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Support Center