Send to

Choose Destination
Gene Expr. 2005;12(3):193-212.

NF-Y behaves as a bifunctional transcription factor that can stimulate or repress the FGF-4 promoter in an enhancer-dependent manner.

Author information

Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6805, USA.


NF-Y is a bifunctional transcription factor capable of activating or repressing transcription. NF-Y specifically recognizes CCAAT box motifs present in many eukaryotic promoters. The mechanisms involved in regulating its activity are poorly understood. Previous studies have shown that the FGF-4 promoter is regulated positively by its CCAAT box and NF-Y in embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells where the distal enhancer of the FGF-4 gene is active. Here, we demonstrate that the CCAAT box functions as a negative cis-regulatory element when cis-regulatory elements of the FGF-4 enhancer are disrupted, or after EC cells differentiate and the FGF-4 enhancer is inactivated. We also demonstrate that NF-Y mediates the repression of the CCAAT box and that NF-Y associates with the endogenous FGF-4 gene in both EC cells and EC-differentiated cells. Importantly, we also determined that the orientation and the position of the CCAAT box are critical for its role in regulating the FGF-4 promoter. Together, these studies demonstrate that the distal enhancer of the FGF-4 gene determines whether the CCAAT box of the FGF-4 promoter functions as a positive or a negative cis-regulatory element. In addition, these studies are consistent with NF-Y playing an architectural role in its regulation of the FGF-4 promoter.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center