Send to

Choose Destination
J Pharmacol Sci. 2005 Sep;99(1):61-7. Epub 2005 Aug 26.

Augmentation of alpha1-adrenoceptor-mediated contraction by warming without increased phosphorylation of myosin in rat caudal arterial smooth muscle.

Author information

Department of Pharmacodynamics, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo, Japan.


We previously reported the relationship between alpha1-adrenoceptor-mediated contraction and phosphorylation of 20-kDa myosin light chain (LC20) in de-endothelialized rat caudal arterial smooth muscle at room temperature (Mita M, Walsh MP. Biochem J. 1997;327:669-674). We now describe the effect of increasing the temperature to 37 degrees C on this relationship. The EC50 value (76.6 +/- 18.2 nM) for cirazoline (alpha1-adrenergic agonist)-induced contraction of the strips at room temperature (23 degrees C) was significantly greater than that (14.5 +/- 1.9 nM) at 37 degrees C. The initial rate of the contraction to a sub-maximal concentration of cirazoline (0.3 microM) was similar at the two temperatures. However, cirazoline-induced maximal force at 37 degrees C was approximately 1.8 times that at room temperature. LC20 phosphorylation in response to cirazoline at room temperature and 37 degrees C closely matched the time courses of contraction, but values were not significantly different at the two temperatures: resting phosphorylation levels were 0.09 +/- 0.04 mol P(i)/mol LC20 at 37 degrees C and 0.22 +/- 0.06 mol P(i)/mol LC20 at room temperature; maximal cirazoline-stimulated LC20 phosphorylation levels were 0.58 +/- 0.08 mol P(i)/mol LC20 at room temperature and 0.49 +/- 0.05 mol P(i)/mol LC20 at 37 degrees C. We conclude, therefore, that the enhanced cirazoline-induced contraction at 37 degrees C is not due to increased LC20 phosphorylation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center