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Microbes Infect. 2006 Jan;8(1):92-104. Epub 2005 Aug 9.

Immunization with recombinant adenovirus synthesizing the secretory form of Japanese encephalitis virus envelope protein protects adenovirus-exposed mice against lethal encephalitis.

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Virology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, JNU Complex, New Delhi 110 067, India.


Replication-defective recombinant adenoviruses (RAds) were constructed that synthesized the pre-membrane and envelope (E) proteins of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Recombinant virus RAdEa synthesized Ea, the membrane-anchored E protein, and RAdEs synthesized Es, the secretory E protein. Compared with RAdEs, RAdEa replicated poorly in HEK 293A cells and synthesized lower amounts of E protein. Oral immunization of mice with RAds generated low titers of anti-JEV antibodies that had little JEV neutralizing activity. Intra-muscular (IM) immunization of mice with either RAd generated high titers of anti-JEV antibodies. Interestingly, RAdEa induced only low titers of JEV neutralizing antibodies. Titers were significantly higher in case of RAdEs immunization. Splenocytes from mice immunized IM with RAds secreted large amounts of interferon-gamma and moderate amounts of interleukin-5 in the presence of JEV and showed cytotoxic activity against JEV-infected cells. Naïve mice immunized IM with RAdEs showed complete protection against a lethal dose of JEV given intra-cerebrally. In order to study the effect of the pre-existing adenovirus 5 (Ad5) immunity on the outcome of the RAdEs immunization, mice were exposed to Ad5 through IM or intra-nasal (IN) routes before immunization with RAdEs. Mice exposed to Ad5 through the IN route, when immunized with RAdEs given IM, or those exposed to Ad5 through the IM route, when immunized with RAdEs given IN, were completely protected against lethal JEV challenge.

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