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J Pediatr. 2005 Aug;147(2):162-5.

Fluconazole prophylaxis prevents invasive fungal infection in high-risk, very low birth weight infants.

Author information

1
Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, Division of Neonatology, University of Florence School of Medicine, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy. giovanna.bertini@unifi.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the benefit of fluconazole prophylaxis in preventing invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with central vascular access.

STUDY DESIGN:

A 3-year baseline period (1998 to 2000) was compared with a subsequent 3-year period (2001 to 2003) during which a different protocol for preventing invasive fungal infection was used. All infants with a birth weight < 1500 g and with central vascular access were eligible for the study. Fluconazole (Diflucan R) was administered for 28 days at a dose of 6 mg/kg every third day during the first week and daily after the first week.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences between the baseline and the fluconazole groups in demographic characteristics or risk factors for fungal infection. Fungal infection developed in 9 of the infants in the baseline group and in none of those in the fluconazole group (P=.003). A trend of decreasing mortality rate between the 2 groups (12.6% vs 8.1%; P=.32) was observed but was not statistically significant. No adverse effects of fluconazole therapy were documented.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fluconazole prophylaxis appeared to be beneficial in preventing invasive fungal infection in VLBW infants.

PMID:
16126042
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.02.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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