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Psychiatry Res. 2005 Sep 15;136(2-3):189-200.

EEG coherence measures during auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia.

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  • 1Mental Health Research Institute, Locked Bag 11, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.


We studied the change in EEG alpha-band average coherence between auditory hallucination (AH) and non-auditory hallucination (non-AH) states in seven auditory hallucinating schizophrenia patients. Four cortical regions were considered based on the existing dominant models for auditory hallucinations, the inner speech model and the central auditory processing deficit (CAPD) model. Coherences between electrodes located over Broca's area (BA 44/45) and Wernicke's area (BA 22/42) and between electrodes located over left-right temporal cortices were examined. There was no significant change observed in the coherence between Broca's and Wernicke's areas, but a significant increase was observed in coherence between the left and right superior temporal cortices during AHs compared with non-AHs, suggesting increased bilateral coherence between auditory cortical areas. Since coherence is a pairwise measure of functional correlation between regions, our findings suggest abnormally increased synchrony between the left and right auditory cortices during AHs in schizophrenia. Further, a significant increase in relative power was observed in the left, but not in the right auditory cortex during AHs. Thus our findings support the CAPD model and are consistent with that which postulate reduced prosodic processing during AHs.

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