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J Assoc Physicians India. 2005 May;53:472-6.

Angiotensin-II behaves as an endogenous pro-inflammatory molecule.

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UND Life Sciences, 1083 Main Street, Walpole, MA 02081, USA.


Angiotensin-II regulates vascular tone, stimulates the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, activates NF-kappaB, increases oxidant stress, and suppresses nitric oxide synthesis, and thus, it functions as an inflammatory molecule. Since ACE is present in many tissues, this suggests that angiotensin-II may play a significant role in atherosclerosis, congestive cardiac failure, stroke, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, psoriasis, atopic and non-atopic dermatitis, eczema, several acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, and cancer, conditions in which inflammation is an aetiopathogenic factor. Thus, ACE inhibitors and/or angiotensin-II receptor blockers could be of benefit in these conditions. Furthermore, structural analogues of ACE inhibitors and angiotensin-II receptor blockers could be developed that possess anti-inflammatory actions without significant action on the cardiovascular system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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