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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2005;19(18):2651-8.

High-throughput screening of inhibitory potential of nine cytochrome P450 enzymes in vitro using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.

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Department of Pharmacology and PharmacoGenomics Research Center, Inje University College of Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology Center, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, South Korea.


The early detection of potential drug-drug interactions is an important issue of drug discovery that has led to the development of high-throughput screening (HTS) methods for potential drug interactions. We developed a HTS method for potential interactions of inhibitory drugs for nine human P450 enzymes using cocktail incubation and tandem mass spectrometry in vitro. This new method involves incubation of two cocktail doses and single cassette analysis. The two cocktail doses in vitro were developed to minimize solvent effects and mutual drug interactions among substrates: cocktail A was composed of phenacetin for CYP1A2, coumarin for CYP2A6, paclitaxel for CYP2C8, S-mephenytoin for CYP2C19, dextromethorphan for CYP2D6, and midazolam for CYP3A4; and cocktail B was composed of three substrates including bupropion for CYP2B6, tolbutamide for CYP2C9, and chlorzoxazone for CYP2E1. In the incubation study of these cocktails, the reaction mixtures were pooled and simultaneously analyzed using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry employing a fast gradient. The method was validated by comparing the inhibition data obtained from the incubation of each individual probe substrate alone with data from the new method. The IC50 value of each inhibitor in the cocktail agreed well with that of the individual probe drug as well as with values previously reported in the literature. As a HTS method for potential interactions of the inhibition of these nine P450 enzymes, this new method will be useful in the drug discovery process and for the mechanistic understanding of drug interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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