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Stem Cells. 2006 Jan;24(1):55-64. Epub 2005 Aug 25.

Small peptide analogue of SDF-1alpha supports survival of cord blood CD34+ cells in synergy with other cytokines and enhances their ex vivo expansion and engraftment into nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice.

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Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 6th Floor, Clinical Sciences Block, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.


The SDF-1/CXCR4 axis has been implicated in the chemotaxis, homing, mobilization, and expansion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We studied the effects of a SDF-1 peptide analogue CTCE-0214 on the survival of cord blood CD34+ cells in culture, expansion, and engraftment of expanded cells in the nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mouse model. Our results demonstrated that CTCE-0214 synergized with thrombopoietin (TPO), stem cell factor (SCF), or flt-3 ligand (FL) on the survival of stem and progenitor cells in culture. Adding CTCE-0214 at a low concentration (0.01 ng/ml) for 4 days together with TPO, SCF, and FL significantly enhanced ex vivo expansion of CD34+ cells to subsets of primitive (CD34+CD38- cells, colony-forming unit-mixed [CFU-GEMMs]), erythroid (CFU-Es), myeloid (CFU-GMs), and megakaryocytic (CD61+CD41+ cells, CFU-MKs) progenitors, as well as their multilineage engraftment in NOD/SCID mice. Interestingly, the short exposure of expanded cells to CTCE-0214 (100 and 500 ng/ml) for 4 hours did not increase the quantity of progenitor cells but enhanced their engraftment capacity. The proportion of CD34+ cells expressing surface CXCR4 was decreased, but the overall number of this population increased upon expansion. The small peptide analogue of SDF-1 could be developed for ex vivo expansion and improving engraftment of cord blood transplantation.

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