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Endocrinology. 2005 Dec;146(12):5552-60. Epub 2005 Aug 25.

Divergent behavioral roles of angiotensin receptor intracellular signaling cascades.

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Department of Animal Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104, USA.


Central injections of angiotensin II (AngII) increase both water and NaCl intake. These effects of AngII occur largely through stimulation of the AngII type 1 (AT(1)) receptor. Stimulation of the AT(1) receptor leads to a number of intracellular events, including phospholipase C (PLC) activation and the subsequent formation of diacylglycerol and inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)), which then activate protein kinase C (PKC) and increase intracellular calcium, respectively. In addition, AT(1) receptor stimulation leads to the activation of MAPK family members. Recent experiments using mutated AT(1) receptor constructs or the AngII analog Sar(1),Ile(4),Ile(8)-AngII (SII) revealed that MAPK activation can occur independent of PLC/PKC/IP(3) activation. The present experiments used in vitro and in vivo approaches to clarify the cellular and behavioral responses to SII. Specifically, SII mimicked AngII stimulation of MAPK in AT(1) receptor-transfected COS-1 cells and rat brain but blocked the effects of AngII in two distinct settings: in vitro stimulation of IP(3) and in vivo increases in water intake. Moreover, SII increased intake of 1.5% NaCl, despite the SII blockade of IP(3) formation and water intake. Examination of brain tissue showed increases in Fos expression in several AngII-sensitive brain areas after injection of AngII, but not SII. The lack of SII-induced IP(3) production, water intake, and Fos expression strongly suggest that the PLC/PKC/IP(3) pathway is required for water intake, but not NaCl consumption stimulated by AngII. Collectively, these results support the hypothesis that divergent intracellular signals from a single receptor type can give rise to separable behavioral phenomena.

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