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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Sep 5;1736(1):38-50.

Differential hydrolysis of molecular species of lipoprotein phosphatidylcholine by groups IIA, V and X secretory phospholipases A2.

Author information

1
Inflammation Research Group, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

Human groups IIA, V and X secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) were incubated with human HDL3, total HDL and LDL over a range of enzyme and substrate concentrations and exposure times. The residual phosphatidylcholines (PtdChos) were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS). The enzymes varied markedly in their rates of hydrolysis of the different molecular species and in the production of lysoPtdCho. The sPLA2s were compared at a concentration of 1 microg/ml and an incubation time of 4 h, when all three enzymes showed significant activity. The groups V and X sPLA2 were up to 20 times more reactive than group IIA sPLA2. Group X sPLA2 hydrolyzed arachidonate and linoleate containing species preferentially, while group V hydrolyzed the linoleates in preference to polyunsaturates. In all instances, the arachidonoyl and linoleoyl palmitates were hydrolyzed in preference to the corresponding stearates by group X sPLA2. The group IIA enzyme appeared to hydrolyze randomly all diacyl molecular species. The minor alkylacyl and alkenylacyl glycerophosphocholines (GroPChos) were poor substrates for groups V and X sPLA2s and these phospholipids tended to accumulate. The present study demonstrates a preferential release of arachidonate from plasma lipoprotein PtdCho by group X sPLA2, as well as a relative resistance of polyunsaturated PtdChos to hydrolysis by group V enzyme, which had not been previously documented. The use of lipoprotein PtdCho as substrate with LC/ESI-MS identification of hydrolyzed molecular species eliminates much of the uncertainty about sPLA2 specificity arising from past analyses of fatty acid release from unknown or ill-defined sources.

PMID:
16122976
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2005.07.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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