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Nitric Oxide. 2006 Mar;14(2):130-6. Epub 2005 Aug 24.

Suppressive effect of an inducible nitric oxide inhibitor, ONO-1714, on AOM-induced rat colon carcinogenesis.

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Cancer Prevention Basic Research Project, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 1-1, Tsukiji 5-chome, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.


The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is markedly elevated in rat colon cancers induced by azoxymethane (AOM). In addition, iNOS can be detected in most adenomas and dysplastic aberrant crypt foci (ACF), suggesting that iNOS plays an important role in colon carcinogenesis. In the present study, the effect of an iNOS inhibitor, ONO-1714 ((1S,5S,6R,7R)-7-chloro-3-imino-5-methyl-2-azabicyclo[4.1.0] heptane hydrochloride), on AOM-induced rat colon carcinogenesis was investigated. Male F344 rats were treated with 15 mg/kg body weight of AOM once a week, for 2 weeks. ONO-1714 was given to the rats at doses of 10, 20, 50, and 100 ppm in diet for 4 weeks from the day before the first carcinogen treatment. The number of AOM-induced ACF in the rats receiving 10, 20, 50 and 100 ppm ONO-1714 were 94, 73 (P < 0.05), 71 (P < 0.005), and 53% (P < 0.0005), respectively, of the control value. Moreover, the mean number of aberrant crypts per focus was significantly lowered in 100 ppm ONO-1714 group (P < 0.05). Then, the effects of long-term treatment (32 weeks) with 50 and 100 ppm ONO-1714 on AOM-induced colorectal tumor development were examined. Although incidences and multiplicities of colon tumors did not significantly differ among the groups, number of tumors developing in the middle part of colon were reduced with both 50 and 100 ppm doses (P < 0.05). Furthermore, colon tumor volume tended to be decreased by ONO-1714 treatment, and the number of colon tumors more than 3mm in diameter was significantly lowered in the 100 ppm ONO-1714 group (P < 0.01). These results suggest that iNOS plays roles in both early and late stages of colon carcinogenesis.

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