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Genome. 2005 Jun;48(3):547-55.

A high- and low-temperature inducible Arabidopsis thaliana HSP101 promoter located in a nonautonomous mutator-like element.

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Department of Biology, University f Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


Transcriptional activity of a 573-bp fragment of HSP101 (At1g74310) incorporated into a Mutator-like element (MULE) transposon was investigated in Arabidopsis thaliana Columbia. Sequence identity between the HSP101-MULE arrangement and a continuous segment of the original HSP101 promoter, 5' UTR exon, and open reading frame (ORF) was high (87%) but lower in the 5' UTR intron (69%). Collectively, the HSP101 ORF, the MULE 5' terminal inverted repeat (TIR), and the 1.3 kb immediately upstream of the TIR is located on chromosome IV, and we refer to it as HSP101B. Located within the HSP101B promoter, upstream of 2 heat shock elements (HSEs), are 4 COR15a-like low-temperature response elements (LTREs). The HSP101B ORF was transcribed in the leaves and influorescences of high-temperature stress (HTS) treated Arabidopsis thaliana but not in low-temperature stress (LTS) and control plants. Transiently transformed Arabidopsis seedlings, as well as stable transformed lines of Linum usitatissimum (flax) and Brassica napus (canola) containing a HSP101B promoter:GUS construct, showed either LTS-, or LTS- and HTS-, induced beta-glucuronidase expression. Results from PCR amplifications of HpaII- and MspI-digested Arabidopsis genomic DNA suggest that endogenous expression of HSP101B may be downregulated by partial methylation of the HSP101B sequence between the TIRs of the associated MULE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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