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Gene. 2005 Sep 26;358:82-92.

Characterization of poxB, a chromosomal-encoded Pseudomonas aeruginosa oxacillinase.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, FL 33199, USA.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major pathogen associated with morbidity and mortality of patients with cystic fibrosis. One of the reasons for the failure of beta-lactam antibiotic regimens appears to be mediated by de-regulation of the ampC gene, encoding the chromosomal Ambler's Class C beta-lactamase. Currently, the AmpC is the only known chromosomal beta-lactamase whose expression is regulated by a transcriptional regulator, AmpR. We generated an ampC mutation in the prototypic P. aeruginosa strain PAO1. The mutation in ampC did not abolish the beta-lactamase activity entirely suggesting the expression of yet another unreported beta-lactamase. Our genomic analysis revealed the presence of an open reading frame encoding a protein with high homology to the Class D beta-lactamases, commonly known as oxacillinases. The gene was named poxB for Pseudomonas oxacillinase. Cloning and expression of poxB in Escherichia coli conferred beta-lactam resistance to the host. We detected the presence of poxB both in clinical and environmental isolates. Our studies show that P. aeruginosa possesses two beta-lactamases, AmpC and PoxB, which contribute to its resistance against a wide spectrum of beta-lactam antibiotics.

PMID:
16120476
DOI:
10.1016/j.gene.2005.05.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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