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Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2005 Sep;230(8):543-8.

Impaired deformability of copper-deficient neutrophils.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Health Sciences Center A1115, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.


We have previously shown that dietary copper deficiency augments neutrophil accumulation in the lung microvasculature. The current study was designed to determine whether a diet deficient in copper promotes neutrophil chemoattraction within the lung vasculature or if it alters the mechanical properties of the neutrophil, thus restricting passage through the microvessels. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed purified diets that were either copper adequate (6.3 microg Cu/g diet) or copper deficient (0.3 microg Cu/g diet) for 4 weeks. To assess neutrophil chemoattraction, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was assayed for the neutrophil chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Neutrophil deformability was determined by measuring the pressure required to pass isolated neutrophils through a 5-microm polycarbonate filter. The MIP-2 concentration was not significantly different between the dietary groups (Cu adequate, 435.4 +/- 11.9 pg/ml; Cu deficient, 425.6 +/- 14.8 pg/ml). However, compared with controls, more pressure was needed to push Cu-deficient neutrophils through the filter (Cu adequate, 0.150 +/- 0.032 mm Hg/sec; Cu deficient, 0.284 +/- 0.037 mm Hg/sec). Staining of the filamentous actin (F-actin) with FITC-Phalloidin showed greater F-actin polymerization and shape change in the Cu-deficient group. These results suggest that dietary copper deficiency reduces the deformability of neutrophils by promoting F-actin polymerization. Because most neutrophils must deform during passage from arterioles to venules in the lungs, we propose that copper-deficient neutrophils accumulate in the lung because they are less deformable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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