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J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Aug 31;127(34):12066-73.

Transfer of amido groups from isolated rhodium(I) amides to alkenes and vinylarenes.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Yale University, P.O. Box 208107 New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8107, USA.

Abstract

The reaction of monomeric and dimeric rhodium(I) amido complexes with unactivated olefins to generate imines is reported. Transamination of {(PEt(3))(2)RhN(SiMePh(2))(2)} (1a) or its -N(SiMe(3))(2) analogue 1b with p-toluidine gave the dimeric [(PEt(3))(2)Rh(mu-NHAr)](2) (Ar = p-tolyl) (2a) in 80% isolated yield. Reaction of 2a with PEt(3) generated the monomeric (PEt(3))(3)Rh(NHAr) (Ar = p-tolyl) (3a). PEt(3)-ligated arylamides 2a and 3a reacted with styrene to transfer the amido group to the olefin and to form the ketimine Ph(Me)C=N(p-tol) (4a) in 48-95% yields. The dinuclear amido hydride (PEt(3))(4)Rh(2)(mu-NHAr)(mu-H) (Ar = p-tolyl) (5a) was formed from reaction of 2a in 95% yield, and a mixture of this dimeric species and the (PEt(3))(n)RhH complexes with n = 3 and 4 was formed from reaction of 3a in a combined 75% yield. Propene reacted with 2a to give Me(2)C=N(p-tol) (4b) and 5a in 90 and 57% yields. Propene also reacted with 3a to give 4b and 5a in 65 and 94% yields. Analogues of 2a and 3a with varied electronic properties also reacted with styrene to form the corresponding imines, and moderately faster rates were observed for reactions of electron-rich arylamides. Kinetic studies of the reaction of 3a with styrene were most consistent with formation of the imine by migratory insertion of olefin into the rhodium-amide bond to generate an aminoalkyl intermediate that undergoes beta-hydrogen elimination to generate a rhodium hydride and an enamine that tautomerizes to the imine.

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