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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Jul;(280):15-22.

Biomechanics of the Ilizarov fixator for fracture fixation.

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Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.


Compression, distraction, and torsion stiffness of the Ilizarov external fixator was measured in two fracture models in autopsy specimens of tibia and fibula. A transverse model was tested in six frame constructions with the osteotomy site preloaded in four different positions. An oblique model was tested in four frame constructions also with four preloaded positions. Stiffness was more dependent on bone preload than wire number, wire type, or frame design. High stiffness was achieved by bone preloading, by compressing the rings together, by increasing the number of wires, and by using olive wires. The stiffness can be decreased (dynamization) by separating the rings and by removing wires. This data is helpful for frame design of the Ilizarov fixator.

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