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J Endocrinol Invest. 2005 Jun;28(6):534-9.

Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANK-L) serum levels in patients on chronic hemodialysis.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine-Metabolic Sciences and Biochemistry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. gonnelli@unisi.it

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying the skeletal resistance to PTH in patients on chronic hemodialysis (CHD) are not yet fully clarified. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANK-L) modulate the genesis and activity of osteoclasts, however their role in renal osteodystrophy pathogenesis has not been clarified so far. The present study aimed to evaluate OPG and RANK-L serum levels in hemodialysis patients and whether OPG/RANK-L system could have a role in the skeletal resistance to PTH. In fasting blood samples obtained from 60 patients (36 males and 24 females) on CHD for at least 2 yr and from 40 healthy subjects of similar age and gender distribution as controls (CTRs), we measured serum OPG, RANK-L, bone alkaline phosphatase (B-ALP), N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx), PTH(1-84), calcium and phosphate. In 30 of 60 hemodialysis patients, a blood sample was also drawn soon after the dialytic session. Serum levels of RANK-L, but not OPG, showed a slight but significant (p<0.05) decrease after the dialytic session. OPG resulted being about six times higher in CHD patients than in CTRs (38.7 +/- 16.2 vs 6.3 +/- 0.17 pg/ml), whereas RAN K-L serum levels were only slightly increased with respect to controls (0.88 +/- 0.47 vs 0.64 +/- 0.38 pmol/l). CHD patients showed serum PTH(1-84) and bone turnover higher than in CTRs. No correlation was found between OPG/RANK-L system and PTH or bone turnover markers. Instead, in the patients with high osteoclast activity (no.=21) OPG/RANK-L ratio was correlated (r=-0.41, p<0.01) with NTx serum levels, whereas in patients with decreased osteoclast activity (no.=39) no relationship was found. In conclusion, our findings showed that, although both OPG and RANK-L are accumulated in hemodialysis patients, only RANK-L and the balance between OPG and RANK-L seem to be related to osteoclast activity.

PMID:
16117195
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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