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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1992 May;63(2):163-72.

Impaired generation of polyclonal T cell-mediated cytolytic activity despite normal polyclonal T cell proliferation in systemic lupus erythematosus.

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1
Department of Medicine, Los Angeles County & University of Southern California Medical Center 90033.

Abstract

No differences in proliferation induced by the anti-CD3 MAb 454 were detected between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or purified T cells. In contrast, overnight culture with soluble MAb 454, immobilized MAb 454, or rIL2 induced significantly less increase in cytolytic activity against Daudi targets in SLE PBMC than in normal PBMC. Cytolytic activity in SLE PBMC cultures sequentially stimulated with soluble MAb 454 and rIL2 over a 6-day period overall was also lower than normal (with approximately 50% of the individual SLE cultures generating clearly subnormal levels of cytolytic activity) and did not correlate with the daily corticosteroid dose or with the presence of nephritis. Phenotypic analysis of soluble MAb 454-stimulated SLE PBMC cultures maintained for up to 23 days in rIL2 indicated that greater than 90% (and often greater than 96%) of the recovered cells were CD3+. Cytolytic activity generated in cultures of purified T cells stimulated with soluble MAb 454 + rIL2 over a 6-day period was also subnormal in 4/8 SLE donors, suggesting that the impaired generation of cytolytic activity in SLE is caused, at least in part, by impaired T cell-mediated cytolytic activity. Taken together, these observations demonstrate that normal CD3/T cell antigen receptor (TCR)-triggered polyclonal T cell proliferation can be dissociated from abnormal CD3/TCR-triggered polyclonal T cell cytolytic activity in SLE. This may have important implications for the pathogenesis of SLE and/or for the immunocompromised state seen in SLE.

PMID:
1611718
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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