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J Clin Oncol. 2005 Sep 20;23(27):6466-73. Epub 2005 Aug 22.

Hyperdiploidy plus nonamplified MYCN confers a favorable prognosis in children 12 to 18 months old with disseminated neuroblastoma: a Pediatric Oncology Group study.

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1
Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. rani_george@dfci.harvard.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine predictive strength of tumor cell ploidy and MYCN gene amplification on survival of children older than 12 months with disseminated neuroblastoma (NB).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Of 648 children with stage D NB enrolled onto the Pediatric Oncology Group NB Biology Study 9047 (1990-2000), 560 children were assessable for ploidy and MYCN amplification. Treatment of patients older than 12 months varied; most receiving high-dose chemotherapy with stem-cell rescue. Infants received standard chemotherapy, depending on MYCN status and ploidy.

RESULTS:

Among stage D MYCN-amplified patients, 4-year event-free survival (EFS) +/- SE had no prognostic significance for tumor cell ploidy for patients either younger than 12 months or > or = 12 months old. However, among stage D nonamplified-MYCN patients, 4-year EFS for those with tumor hyperdiploidy (DNA index [DI] > 1) was clearly superior to those with diploidy (DI < or = 1): younger than 12 months, 83.7% +/- 4.4% (n = 87) versus 46.2% +/- 13.8% (n = 13; P = .0003); and for 12- to 24-month-old children, 72.7% +/- 10.2% (n = 22) versus 26.7% +/- 13.2% (n = 16; P = .0092). Further analysis suggested better prognoses in the 12- to 18-month-old subgroup with hyperdiploid tumors (4-year EFS, 92.9% +/- 7.2%) compared with the 19- to 24-month-old subgroup (4-year EFS, 37.5% +/- 21.0%; P = .0037). In children older than 24 months, outcome was dire (< 20% long-term survival), regardless of ploidy or MYCN status.

CONCLUSION:

Children 12 to 18 months old with metastatic NB had favorable outcomes with high-dose therapy if their tumors were hyperdiploid and lacked MYCN amplification. This subgroup may respond well to contemporary chemotherapy, and could be spared intensive myeloablative therapy with stem-cell rescue.

PMID:
16116152
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2005.05.582
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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