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J Cutan Pathol. 2005 Sep;32(8):523-32.

Melanocytic nevi are associated with neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis, type I, but not sporadic neurofibromas: a study of 226 cases.

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1
Department of Pathology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. nball@vanhosp.bc.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neurofibromatosis, type 1, is associated with cutaneous melanin pigmentation, but an association with ordinary melanocytic nevi has not been described.

METHODS:

This retrospective case-control study was designed to see if neurofibromas in patients with neurofibromatosis, type 1 (NF-1) differ from sporadic neurofibromas (SN) in their incidence of associated melanocytic nevi and other histologic features. Slides from 114 NF-1 were compared with 112 SN and 300 intradermal melanocytic nevi (IDN).

RESULTS:

Small lentiginous melanocytic nevi were identified over 13 NF-1 (11%) but no SN (P=0.0002). Compared with other NF-1, NF-1 with nevi were more frequently associated with melanocytic hyperplasia, giant melanosomes and diffuse neurofibroma (P<0.03). Compared with SN, NF-1 were also more frequently associated with melanocytic hyperplasia, lentigo simplex-like changes, diffuse neurofibroma and plexiform neurofibroma (P<0.001). Sebaceous hyperplasia (14%), dermal elastosis (9%), lipomatous change (8%), epithelial cysts (4%) and keratin granulomas or folliculitis (3%) were not significantly different in prevalence between NF-1, SN and the control group of IDN.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that there is a difference in the potential for melanocytic proliferation in NF-1 compared with SN. NF-1, SN and IDN are associated with a similar range of incidental histologic changes. Ball NJ, Kho GT. Melanocytic nevi are associated with neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis, type 1, but not sporadic neurofibromas. A study of 226 cases.

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