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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2006 Jan 15;445(2):261-8. Epub 2005 Aug 2.

Origin, structure, and biological activities of peroxidases in human saliva.

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1
Department of Cariology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 2, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland.

Abstract

Human whole saliva contains two peroxidases, salivary peroxidase (hSPO) and myeloperoxidase (hMPO), which are part of the innate host defence in oral cavity. Both hSPO as well as human milk lactoperoxidase (hLPO) are coded by the same gene, but to what extent the different producing glands, salivary and mammary glands, affect the final conformation of the enzymes is not known. In human saliva the major function of hSPO and hMPO is to catalyze the oxidation of thiocyanate (SCN(-)) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) resulting in end products of wide antimicrobial potential. In addition cytotoxic H(2)O(2) is degraded. Similar peroxidation reactions inactivate some mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds, which suggests another protective mechanism of peroxidases in human saliva. Although being target of an active antimicrobial research, the structure-function relationships of hSPO are poorly known. However, recently published method for recombinant hSPO production offers new tools for those investigations.

PMID:
16111647
DOI:
10.1016/j.abb.2005.07.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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