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J Mol Biol. 2005 Sep 23;352(3):559-74.

Structural snapshots of MTA/AdoHcy nucleosidase along the reaction coordinate provide insights into enzyme and nucleoside flexibility during catalysis.

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1
Structural Biology and Biochemistry, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

Abstract

MTA/AdoHcy nucleosidase (MTAN) irreversibly hydrolyzes the N9-C1' bond in the nucleosides, 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) and S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) to form adenine and the corresponding thioribose. MTAN plays a vital role in metabolic pathways involving methionine recycling, biological methylation, polyamine biosynthesis, and quorum sensing. Crystal structures of a wild-type (WT) MTAN complexed with glycerol, and mutant-enzyme and mutant-product complexes have been determined at 2.0A, 2.0A, and 2.1A resolution, respectively. The WT MTAN-glycerol structure provides a purine-free model and in combination with the previously solved thioribose-free MTAN-ADE structure, we now have separate apo structures for both MTAN binding subsites. The purine and thioribose-free states reveal an extensive enzyme-immobilized water network in their respective binding subsites. The Asp197Asn MTAN-MTA and Glu12Gln MTAN-MTR.ADE structures are the first enzyme-substrate and enzyme-product complexes reported for MTAN, respectively. These structures provide representative snapshots along the reaction coordinate and allow insight into the conformational changes of the enzyme and the nucleoside substrate. A "catalytic movie" detailing substrate binding, catalysis, and product release is presented.

PMID:
16109423
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmb.2005.07.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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