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J Infect Dis. 2005 Sep 15;192(6):1003-9. Epub 2005 Aug 12.

Attenuation of HIV-1 infection by other microbial agents.

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1
Division of Infectious Diseases and Environmental Medicine, Center for Human Virology and Biodefense, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

Although potentiation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1) infection has been known to occur in coinfection with a variety of pathogens and types of vaccination, there are emerging data on specific infectious agents that may attenuate HIV-1 infection. New literature suggests that certain pathogens are capable of inhibiting HIV-1 replication. These include GB virus C, measles virus, Orientia tsutsugamushi, and human T lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2. In addition, there are conflicting data on the effects of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on the replication of HIV-1, with some suggesting that this organism may inhibit HIV-1 replication. Also remaining controversial are the possible protective effects of HIV type 2 against HIV-1 infection. In this review, we summarize and critically discuss the body of emerging literature concerning infections that may have the ability to attenuate HIV-1 infection.

PMID:
16107952
DOI:
10.1086/432767
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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