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EMBO J. 2005 Sep 21;24(18):3279-90. Epub 2005 Aug 18.

MDM2 interaction with nuclear corepressor KAP1 contributes to p53 inactivation.

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Molecular Oncology Program, H Lee Moffitt Comprehensive Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.


MDM2 is a RING domain ubiquitin E3 ligase and a major regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor. MDM2 binds to p53, inactivates p53 transcription function, inhibits p53 acetylation, and promotes p53 degradation. Here, we present evidence that MDM2 interacts with the nuclear corepressor KAP1. The binding is mediated by the N-terminal coiled-coil domain of KAP1 and the central acidic domain of MDM2. KAP1 stimulates formation of p53-HDAC1 complex and inhibits p53 acetylation by interacting with MDM2. Expression of KAP1 cooperates with MDM2 to promote p53 ubiquitination and degradation. The tumor suppressor ARF competes with KAP1 in MDM2 binding; oncogene induction of ARF expression reduces MDM2-KAP1 interaction. Depletion of endogenous KAP1 expression by RNAi stimulates p53 transcriptional activity, sensitizes p53 response to DNA damage, and increases apoptosis. Therefore, MDM2 interaction with KAP1 contributes to p53 functional regulation. ARF may regulate p53 acetylation and stability in part by inhibiting KAP1-MDM2 binding.

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