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JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2005 Sep-Oct;29(5):353-8; discussion 359.

The impact of a normoglycemic management protocol on clinical outcomes in the trauma intensive care unit.

Author information

1
Department of Biostatistics, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 243 Medical Center South, 2100 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. bryan.collier@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to determine if protocol-driven normoglycemic management in trauma patients affected glucose control, ventilator-associated pneumonia, surgical-site infection, and inpatient mortality.

METHODS:

A prospective, consecutive-series, historically controlled study design evaluated protocol-driven normoglycemic management among trauma patients at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Those mechanically ventilated > or =24 hours and > or =15 years of age were included. A glycemic-control protocol required insulin infusion therapy for glucose >110 mg/dL. Control patients included those who met criteria, were admitted the year preceding protocol implementation, and had hyperglycemia treated at the physician's discretion.

RESULTS:

Eight hundred eighteen patients met study criteria; 383 were managed without protocol; 435 underwent protocol. The protocol group had lower glucose levels 7 of 14 days measured. After admission, both groups had mean daily glucose levels <150 mg/dL. No difference in pneumonia (31.6% vs 34.5%; p = .413), surgical infection (5.0% vs 5.7%; p = .645) or mortality (12.3% vs 13.1%; p = .722) occurred between groups. If one episode of blood glucose level was > or =150 mg/dL (n = 638; 78.0%), outcomes were worse: higher daily glucose levels for 14 days after admission (p < .001), pneumonia rates (35.9% vs 23.3%; p = .002), and mortality (14.6% vs 6.1%; p = .002). One or more days of glucose > or =150 mg/dL had a 2- to 3-fold increase in the odds of death. Protocol use in these patients was not associated with outcome improvement.

CONCLUSIONS:

Protocol-driven management decreased glucose levels 7 of 14 days after admission without outcome change. One or more glucose levels > or =150 mg/dL were associated with worse outcome.

PMID:
16107598
DOI:
10.1177/0148607105029005353
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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