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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005 Jul;52(3):173-9.

In vitro activity of tigecycline against 3989 Gram-negative and Gram-positive clinical isolates from the United States Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial (TEST Program; 2004).

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International Health Management Associates, Inc., Schaumburg, IL 60173-3817, USA.


The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial (TEST Program) determined the in vitro activity of tigecycline over a large population of organisms from geographically diverse sites. Tigecycline was compared to amikacin, ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, imipenem, cefepime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, levofloxacin, minocycline, piperacillin/tazobactam, linezolid, penicillin, and vancomycin against 3989 commonly encountered clinical Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogens collected from sites in the United States during 2004. The tigecycline activity was equivalent to imipenem against Enterobacteriaceae. Tigecycline inhibited extended-spectrum beta-lactamase and AmpC phenotypes at MIC90 values (minimum inhibitory concentration) of < or =2 microg/mL. In vitro results for tigecycline were similar to other broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents against nonfermenters with MIC90 results of 2 microg/mL against Acinetobacter spp. and >16 microg/mL against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Tigecycline demonstrated potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus (MIC90, 0.25 microg/mL) and enterococci (MIC90, 0.12 microg/mL) regardless of methicillin or vancomycin susceptibility. Tigecycline MIC values were unaffected by penicillin nonsusceptibility and beta-lactamase production among fastidious respiratory pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae [MIC90, 0.5 microg/mL] and Haemophilus influenzae [MIC90, 0.25 microg/mL]). Tigecycline offers excellent activity against most of the commonly encountered nosocomial and community-acquired bacterial pathogens.

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