Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Obes Surg. 2005 Aug;15(7):1024-9.

Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding: effects on plasma ghrelin levels.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Different changes of plasma ghrelin levels have been reported following gastric banding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and biliopancreatic diversion.

METHODS:

This prospective study compares plasma ghrelin levels and weight loss following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in 20 patients.

RESULTS:

Patients who underwent LSG (n=10) showed a significant decrease of plasma ghrelin at day 1 compared to preoperative values (35.8 +/- 12.3 fmol/ml vs 109.6 +/- 32.6 fmol/ml, P=0.005). Plasma ghrelin remained low and stable at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. In contrast, no change of plasma ghrelin at day 1 (71.8 +/- 35.3 fmol/ml vs 73.7 +/- 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.441) was found in patients after LAGB (n=10). Increased plasma ghrelin levels compared with the preoperative levels at 1 (101.9 +/- 30.3 fmol/ml vs 73.7 +/- 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.028) and 6 months (104.9 +/- 51.1 fmol/ml vs 73.7 +/- 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.012) after surgery were observed. Mean excess weight loss was higher in the LSG group at 1 (30 +/- 13% vs 17 +/- 7%, P=0.005) and 6 months (61 +/- 16% vs 29 +/- 11%, P=0.001) compared with the LAGB group.

CONCLUSIONS:

As a consequence of resection of the gastric fundus, the predominant area of human ghrelin production, ghrelin is significantly reduced after LSG but not after LAGB. This reduction remains stable at follow-up 6 months postoperatively, which may contribute to the superior weight loss when compared with LAGB.

PMID:
16105401
DOI:
10.1381/0960892054621125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center