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Kidney Int. 2005 Sep;68(3):1061-70.

Characterization of the T-cell epitope that causes anti-GBM glomerulonephritis.

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1
Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Dental Branch, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have demonstrated that a single T-cell epitope pCol(28-40) (SQTTANPSCPEGT) alone, which is derived from NC1 domain of alpha3 chain of type IV collagen (Col4alpha3 NC1), can induce severe glomerulonephritis in Wistar Kyoto rats. This study further characterized this T-cell epitope.

METHODS:

A series of synthetic peptides derived from pCol (28-40) were tested in vivo and in vitro for their T-cell epitope activity and nephritogenicity. Major histocompatability complex (MHC) class II molecules in Wistar Kyoto rats were cloned, and MHC restriction of pCol(28-40) was determined.

RESULTS:

The T-cell epitope pCol(28-40) was restricted by rat MHC class II RT.1Bl. Ten amino acid residues (29 to 38) were mapped to be the minimum core of the T-cell epitope, which was capable of inducing the T-cell response and severe glomerulonephritis. Only three residues were identified as absolutely critical for the T-cell epitope: position 31 (T) was an anchor residue to the class II molecule, and positions 33 (N) and 34 (P) contributed to the specificity of the T-cell epitope. Thus, only substitution at those positions completely abrogated nephritogenicity of the T-cell epitope. Interestingly, pCol (28-40) also bound to human MHC class II human MHC class II molecule HLA-DRB*1501, which has been linked to human anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease, suggesting that human homologue of pCol(28-40) could be a potential human T-cell epitope.

CONCLUSION:

Our study demonstrated that only few residues in the nephritogenic T-cell epitope pCol(28-40) were critical. Our finding also revealed that pCol(28-40) is a potential nephritogenic T-cell epitope in Goodpasture's syndrome.

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