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J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Aug 24;53(17):6835-43.

Volatile compounds produced in cheese by pseudomonas strains of dairy origin belonging to six different species.

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Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, INIA, Carretera de La Coruña Km 7, Madrid, 28040 Spain.


Production of volatile compounds by seven Pseudomonas strains belonging to six different species, Ps. brenneri, Ps. graminis, Ps. libanensis, Ps. lundensis, Ps. putida, and Ps. rhodesiae, was investigated, with the aim of elucidating their possible contribution to the volatile profile of cheese. Laboratory-scale cheeses were made from pasteurized milk of low bacterial counts separately inoculated with approximately 10(5) colony-forming units/mL of each Pseudomonas strain and ripened for 12 days at 10 degrees C. A total of 122 volatile compounds were identified in cheeses by GC-MS of the dynamic headspace. The abundance of 62 compounds, belonging to eight chemical groups (aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, alcohols, hydrocarbons, benzene compounds, and sulfur compounds) increased during ripening for at least one of the strains. Most groups of volatile compounds were more abundant in the outer part of cheeses than in the inner part, in agreement with the aerobic metabolism of the genus Pseudomonas and coinciding with the higher counts in the outer part. Production of volatile compounds in cheese by Pseudomonas was shown to be species-dependent.

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