Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 2005 Sep;79(17):10968-77.

Hepatitis A virus suppresses RIG-I-mediated IRF-3 activation to block induction of beta interferon.

Author information

1
Department of Virology, University of Bremen, Germany.

Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) antagonizes the innate immune response by inhibition of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-induced beta interferon (IFN-beta) gene expression. In this report, we show that this is due to an interaction of HAV with the intracellular dsRNA-induced retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-mediated signaling pathway upstream of the kinases responsible for interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3) phosphorylation (TBK1 and IKKepsilon). In consequence, IRF-3 is not activated for nuclear translocation and gene induction. In addition, we found that HAV reduces TRIF (TIR domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-beta)-mediated IRF-3 activation, which is part of the Toll-like receptor 3 signaling pathway. As IRF-3 is necessary for IFN-beta transcription, inhibition of this factor results in efficient suppression of IFN-beta synthesis. This ability of HAV seems to be of considerable importance for HAV replication, as HAV is not resistant to IFN-beta, and it may allow the virus to establish infection and preserve the sites of virus production in later stages of the infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center