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Cancer Res. 2005 Aug 15;65(16):7121-6.

Integrative genomic analysis identifies NDRG2 as a candidate tumor suppressor gene frequently inactivated in clinically aggressive meningioma.

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Division of Neuropathology, Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Although meningiomas are common central nervous system tumors, little is known about the genetic events responsible for malignant progression. In this study, we employed gene expression profiling to identify transcripts whose expression was lost in anaplastic (WHO grade III) versus benign (WHO grade I) meningioma. Approximately 40% of genes down-regulated in anaplastic meningioma were localized to chromosomes 1p and 14q. One specific gene located at 14q11.2, NDRG2, was consistently down-regulated in grade III meningioma, a finding which we validated at both the transcript and protein levels in independent sets of clinically and pathologically diverse meningiomas. Loss of NDRG2 expression was also seen in a subset of lower-grade meningiomas, including atypical meningiomas (WHO grade II) with clinically aggressive behavior. Furthermore, we found that the loss of NDRG2 expression was significantly associated with hypermethylation of the NDRG2 promoter. Collectively, these data identify NDRG2 as the first specific candidate tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 14q that is inactivated during meningioma progression. In addition, these findings highlight the utility of combining genomic, epigenetic, and expression data to identify clinically significant tumor biomarkers, and suggest that NDRG2 expression will be a useful and functionally relevant biomarker to predict aggressive behavior in patients with meningioma.

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