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Cell Calcium. 2005 Sep-Oct;38(3-4):261-72.

The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors.

Author information

1
University of Texas, Department of Physiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas 75390-9040, USA. iyla.bezprozvanny@utsouthwestern.edu

Abstract

The inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3R) are the intracellular calcium (Ca2+) release channels that play a key role in Ca2+ signaling in cells. Three InsP3R isoforms-InsP3R type 1 (InsP3R1), InsP3R type 2 (InsP3R2), and InsP3R type 3 (InsP3R3) are expressed in mammals. A single InsP3R isoform is expressed in Drosophila melanogaster (DmInsP3R) and Caenorhabditis elegans (CeInsP3R). The progress made during last decade towards understanding the function and the properties of the InsP3R is briefly reviewed in this chapter. The main emphasis is on studies that revealed structural determinants responsible for the ligand recognition by the InsP3R, ion permeability of the InsP3R, modulation of the InsP3R by cytosolic Ca2+, ATP and PKA phosphorylation and on the recently identified InsP3R-binding partners. The main focus is on the InsP3R1, but the recent information about properties of other InsP3R isoforms is also discussed.

PMID:
16102823
DOI:
10.1016/j.ceca.2005.06.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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