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Anal Biochem. 2005 Oct 15;345(2):214-26.

A surface plasmon resonance-based assay for small molecule inhibitors of human cyclophilin A.

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Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, UK.


A simple protocol for generating a highly stable and active surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor surface of recombinant human hexahistidine cyclophilin A (His-CypA) is described. The sensor surface was sensitive and stable enough to allow, for the first time, the screening and ranking of several novel small-molecule (Mr approximately 250-500 Da) ligands in a competition binding assay with cyclosporin A (CsA). It also allowed us to accurately determine the kinetic rate constants for the interaction between His-CypA and CsA. His-CypA was first captured on a Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) sensor chip and was then briefly covalently stabilized, coupling via primary amines. The significant baseline drift observed due to dissociation of weakly bound His-CypA from the Ni2+-NTA moiety was eliminated, resulting in a surface that was stable for at least 36 h. In addition, immobilized protein activity levels were high, typically between 85 and 95%, assayed by the interaction between His-CypA and CsA. The mean equilibrium dissociation constant for CsA (K(dCsA)) binding to the immobilized His-CypA was 23+/-6 nM, with on and off rates of 0.53+/-0.1 microM(-1) s(-1) and 1.2+/-0.1 (x 10(-2)) s(-1), respectively. These values agree well with the values for the corresponding binding constants determined from steady-state and kinetic fluorescence titrations in solution.

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