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J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Aug;24(8):1163-5.

Lymphocytic myocarditis after lung transplantation.

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Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, California, USA.


This study reports the development of lymphocytic myocarditis in a bilateral lung allograft recipient. A 23-year-old woman developed congestive heart failure and severe left ventricular dysfunction 32 months after a bilateral lung allograft for cystic fibrosis. She had taken oral acyclovir for infectious mononucleosis that was diagnosed 11 months previously. Her viral load for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) increased, and an echocardiogram revealed a left ventricular ejection fraction of 25% and endomyocardial biopsy revealed lymphocytic myocarditis. She received valacyclovir (1 g x 3 times daily) and made a full recovery 6 months later.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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