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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2005 Sep;25(5):392-9.

Silent substitution S-cone electroretinogram in subjects with diabetes mellitus.

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School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Redwood Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF10 3NB, UK.


A defect in the blue sensitive mechanism has been reported in certain ocular and systemic diseases. For example, tritanopic colour vision defects and changes to the S-cone electroretinogram (ERG) have been demonstrated in glaucoma and diabetes mellitus. Electrophysiological methods of eliciting the S-cone ERG, however, often result in considerable L- and M-cone intrusion. We report the findings of a study employing the silent substitution S-cone ERG technique, which is thought to represent an almost pure S-cone signal, and the L'Anthony desaturated D15 colour vision test in subjects with Type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus with no or minimal background retinopathy. The results of this study show a significantly increased S-cone ERG b-wave implicit time and significantly worse colour vision in those with background retinopathy compared with those with no diabetic retinopathy. This suggests that S-cone pathway dysfunction may be responsible for the deterioration in colour vision found in diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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