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J Korean Med Sci. 2005 Aug;20(4):555-61.

IL-1beta acts in synergy with endogenous IL-1beta in A375-S2 human melanoma cell apoptosis through mitochondrial pathway.

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China-Japan Research Institute of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, China.


Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine. To investigate the mechanism of IL-1beta-induced cell death in human malignant melanoma A375-S2 cells, MTT assay, photomicroscopical observation, DNA agarose gel electrophoresis, radioimmunoassay and Western blot analysis were carried out. IL-1beta did not only induce nuclear condensation and DNA fragmentation, but also increased degradation of two substrates of caspase-3, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (ICAD). Simultaneously, release of precursor of IL-1beta (pro-IL-1beta) and endogenous IL-1beta production were involved in the apoptotic process. IL-1beta enhanced the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and Bax/Bcl-xL expression and up-regulated apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) expression, which required the activation of downstream caspases. These results suggest that IL-1beta induces endogenous IL-1beta production, enhances cleavage of caspase downstream substrates and promotes mitochondria mediated apoptosis in A375-S2 cells.

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