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Endocrinology. 2005 Nov;146(11):4898-904. Epub 2005 Aug 11.

Permeation of growth hormone across the blood-brain barrier.

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1
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA. weihong.pan@pbrc.edu

Abstract

Exogenous GH can affect central nervous system function when given peripherally to animals and as a supplemental therapy to humans. This study tested whether GH crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by a specific transport system and found that both mice and rats have small but significant uptake of GH into the brain without a species difference. Determined by multiple-time regression analysis, the blood-to-brain influx transfer constants of 125I-labeled rat GH in mice (0.23+/-0.07 microl/g.min) and rats (0.32+/-0.04 microl/g.min) were comparable to those of some cytokines of similar size, with a half-time disappearance of 125I-GH of 3.8-7.6 min in blood. Intact 125I-GH was present in both serum and brain homogenate 20 min after iv injection. At this time, about 26.8% of GH in brain entered the parenchyma, whereas 10% was entrapped in endothelial cells. Neither excess GH nor insulin showed acute modulation of the influx, indicating lack of a saturable transport system for GH at the BBB. Binding and cellular uptake studies in cultured cerebral microvessel endothelial cells (RBE4) further ruled out the presence of high-capacity adsorptive endocytosis. The brain influx of GH by simple diffusion adds definitive value to the long-disputed question of whether and how GH crosses the BBB. The central nervous system effects of peripheral GH can be attributed to permeation of the BBB despite the absence of a specific transport system.

PMID:
16099858
DOI:
10.1210/en.2005-0587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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