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Neurobiol Aging. 2006 May;27(5):770.e1-770.e5. Epub 2005 Aug 15.

Is M129V of PRNP gene associated with Alzheimer's disease? A case-control study and a meta-analysis.

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Dino Ferrari Centre, Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Milan and Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Padiglione Ponti, Milano, Italy.


The methionine/valine (M/V) polymorphism at codon 129 within the prion protein gene (PRNP) represents a known risk factor for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Few authors reported also the effects of this polymorphism on the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), although with controversial results. To better clarify this issue, we performed a novel case-control study and a meta-analysis of published association studies between PRNP and AD. Our findings argue against PRNP as a susceptibility gene for developing AD in the Italian population but support the hypothesis that the V allele influences cognitive performances. The meta-analysis, revealed that Caucasian subjects homozygous at codon 129 had a 1.3-fold increased risk [95% CI: 1.0-1.6, p = 0.05] of developing AD compared to heterozygous individuals. We also observed that MM genotype and M allele represent a risk factor for AD, independently from the ethnic background, providing a significant but modest association between this polymorphism and AD.

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