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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2006 Jan 15;445(2):269-77. Epub 2005 Jul 27.

Structural and functional aspects of thyroid peroxidase.

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INSERM Unit U555, Faculté de Médecine Timone, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France.


Thyroperoxidase (TPO) is the enzyme involved in thyroid hormone synthesis. Although many studies have been carried out on TPO since it was first identified as being the thyroid microsomal antigen involved in autoimmune thyroid disease, previous authors have focused more on the immunological than on the biochemical aspects of TPO during the last few years. Here, we review the latest contributions in the field of TPO research and provide a large reference list of original publications. Given this promising background, scientists and clinicians will certainly continue in the future to investigate the mechanisms whereby TPO contributes to hormone synthesis and constitutes an important autoantigen involved in autoimmune thyroid disease, and the circumstances under which the normal physiological function of this enzyme takes on a pathological role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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