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Health Policy. 2005 Sep 28;74(1):39-45. Epub 2005 Jan 12.

Hepatitis A and B seropositivity among medical students.

Author information

  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Adnan Menderes University Medical Faculty, 09100 Aydin, Turkey. serkanoncu@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Health science students are commonly exposed to some infectious agents, including hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV), which may cause substantial morbidity and even deaths. The identification of prevalence and risk factors is essential for implementing efficacious preventive measures. A serological survey was performed among medical students of Adnan Menderes University Medical Faculty to determine the prevalence of antibodies against HAV and HBV, and, as a secondary objective, to determine risk factors for acquisition of these infections.

METHODS:

Nearly all students were included in the study. All participants completed a structured questionnaire that assessed demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Anti-HAV IgG, anti-HBc IgG, HbsAg and anti-HBs were tested using commercially available Elisa kits.

RESULTS:

A total of 247 students, 146 (59.1%) male and 101 (40.9%) female, were included in the study. The prevalence of anti-HAV IgG was detected as 64%. Number of siblings and place of residence were detected as independent factors affecting the anti-HAV seropositivity. The prevalence of anti-HBc IgG was detected as 7.3%. Among the students positive for anti-HBc IgG, 5 (2%) students were HBsAg positive and the other 13 (5.3%) were anti-HBs positive. HBV infection in household members, risky sexual behaviour and vaccination were independent factors affecting the prevalence of anti-HBc IgG positivity.

CONCLUSIONS:

The high susceptibility of medical students and their increased risk of clinical HAV and HBV infection identify a need for primary prevention through the administration of vaccination in this group in western Turkey.

PMID:
16098410
DOI:
10.1016/j.healthpol.2004.12.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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